KABUL (Pajhwok): On the eve of a regional summit in Kabul, political experts say the huddle should come up with an effective strategy through which all the warring sides reach a peace agreement and end the decades-long conflict.
The experts also urged the Afghan government to present a clear explanation of the war and peace and ask the participating countries to take practical steps instead of promises in the Kabul Process meeting scheduled for tomorrow (Wednesday).
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) has said special preparations are made for the second Kabul Process meeting that would bring together representatives from 25 countries and international organizations.
Shekib Mustaghni, MoFA spokesman, told Pajhwok Afghan News that the agenda of the Kabul Process meeting would focus on two important topics — peace and terrorism. The Afghan government would share its comprehensive view about peace with the international community representatives, he added.
Political experts appreciate the government’s stance on peace and terrorism and say the government should clearly explain its battle against terrorism form internal, regional and international dimensions and create a mechanism through which all disputed sides reach an agreement and put an end to the war.
Ahmad Sayedi, a political affairs expert, said Afghanistan.
“Each country follows its own interests in Afghanistan, the game is very complicated in this country as it involves Gulf countries, Iran, Russia, US, China, Pakistan and India,” he said.
On the other hand, Abdul Shakor Salangi, an expert on international affairs, said the previous Kabul Process meeting had not been productive. But the second Kabul Process meeting would be a good chance for Afghanistan to get benefit of it.
He criticized the government for lacking a clear definition of war and peace, saying the government should explain all factors, including internal, regional and international of the war in this meeting and find a solution so the Afghans should no longer suffer.
Salangi said the Afghan government could not win peace by criticizing neighboring countries, adding that the government termed Pakistan “as the main factor of war”, but in fact Pakistan was one side of the conflict in Afghanistan while Russia, China, Iran and India were other sides.
Interestingly, the Taliban have called for direct talks with the United States (US) to find a “peaceful solution” to the conflict in Afghanistan ahead of the summit.
The Taliban policy reversal comes after months of escalating attacks in which civilian casualties surged in response to a new open-ended military policy by US President Donald Trump.
In a statement posted late on Monday, the Taliban called on American officials to talk directly to the Political Office of Islamic Emirate in Qatar regarding a peaceful solution to the Afghan quandary.
There has been no response to the offer from US officials, who have historically insisted any talks must include the Afghan government in Kabul.
Special measures have been taken for the Kabul Process conference in Kabul and roads leading to the Presidential Palace are closed for traffic in advance and Wednesday is announced as a public holiday only in Kabul city.
Hamid, a resident of Kabul city, said previous meetings about peace had no outcome but people still supported such huddles.
“Many roads are closed over the past many days in the lead up to the Kabul Process meeting, it has created problems but people still support it.”
He said despite facing great inconvenience as a result of security measures for the summit, people supported each such meeting as they believed it would help bring peace to Afghanistan and kick-start talks with the militants.